Today’s episode was produced by James Pierson. James can be found on titter @jpierson


Forchhammer, T. (2015). On Tolkien’s Notes on “Fate and Free Will”. Retrieved 2021, from

Tolkien, J. (2009). Notes and Documents, Fate and Free Will (C. F. Hostetter, Ed.). Tolkien Studies, 6, 183-188.

Flieger, V. (2009). The Music and the Task: Fate and Free Will in Middle-earth. Tolkien Studies, 6, 151-182.

Tolkien, J.R.R., Tolkien, Christopher (ed.). Morgoth’s Ring. London: HarperCollins, 1994.

Tolkien, J.R.R., Tolkien, Christopher (ed.). The Silmarillion. Houghton Mifflin Company

Book mentioned by jude: Flame Imperishable by Jonathan S. McIntosh